Auto Insurance

Florida Guaranty Funds & Associations

July 12, 2007

Much of this information came from the Department of Financial Services Internet Site.

Florida Insurance Guaranty Association (you are leaving the FIC site and opening a new browser window)

The Florida Insurance Guaranty Association handles the claims of insolvent property and casualty insurance companies.

Florida Workers' Compensation Insurance Guaranty Association (you are leaving the FIC website and opening a new browser window)

The purpose of the Florida Workers' Compensation Guaranty Association, Inc. ("FWCIGA") is to implement Florida Statute Sections 631.902 - 631.927, to provide a mechanism for the payment of covered claims, to avoid excessive delay in payment and to avoid financial loss to claimants in the event of the insolvency of a member insurer.

Florida Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Association (you are leaving the FIC website and opening a new browser window)

Florida Health Maintenance Organization Consumer Assistance Plan
(Note: This organization does not currently have a website but may be contacted using the below contact information)
Phone: 850-893-6686
Fax: 850-422-3737
Mailing Address
P. O. Box 16459
Tallahassee, FL 32317-6459

Municipal Accident Response Fees: Overview

From the Insurance Information Institute, New York, October 2006

Insurance Information Institute

Budget-constrained municipalities seek alternative revenue-generating streams. A number of them are attempting to pass on the cost of certain auto accident response services to insurers.(1)

Recent reports suggest that municipalities in many Midwestern states, including Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin, are now billing insurance companies for police or fire department responses to auto accidents. In some cases, third party fee companies are encouraging the practice by soliciting municipalities for the collection of accident response fees.

In a related move, a number of other states including Florida, Texas and some New England states are now attempting to charge accident response service fees to an at-fault driver’s insurance company. Some have developed a tiering system whereby different fees would be charged to an insurer based upon whether the driver involved in the accident is a non-resident or resident in that particular state.(2)

The growing trend of municipalities of hitting insurers with the bill for accident response fees is an emerging issue that has direct consequences for insurers and their policyholders.
 What Are Municipal Fees?

Historically, municipalities across the U.S. have charged fees to community residents based upon certain services provided. Examples of long-standing municipal fees include: building and licensing fees, and administrative fees for sewer and trash collection.

Typically the user of the service pays the fee. This funding mechanism enables communities to raise additional revenue without increasing property or personal taxes.

In recent months some municipalities have been charging a new kind of fee. These fees are designed to recoup the cost of auto accident response services provided by police and fire departments (see below).
 What Are Accident Response Fees?

According to reports, municipalities in approximately 13 states have begun the practice of billing insurance companies for various accident response services. Fees vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Various sources indicate that municipalities charge anywhere from $100 to $300 per police or fire department run.(3)

Ordinances in a number of cities and municipalities allow for the collection of such fees. The exact number of state divisions that have passed or are proposing to implement such ordinances is difficult to monitor, but the trend appears to be concentrated in the Midwest.

Some municipalities offer the rationale that insurers should pay these fees because accident reports are prepared solely for their benefit. But this does not appear to be factually correct.

Accident reports are primarily provided to assist crash victims in case of legal action.(4) The reports are also used by state and local law enforcement for statistical reporting requirements and by hospitals that provide medical assistance to injured accident victims. Other key beneficiaries of crash reports include personal injury attorneys and chiropractors.

Clearly if such fees are to be passed on to insurers, the cost should be distributed equally among all these parties.

Proponents of accident response fees also often assert that charging insurers will have no impact on rates. This assertion is false. If insurers are obliged to pay more, premiums will have to rise to compensate for the higher costs. As such, municipalities will have in effect imposed a “hidden tax” on their residents.
 The Impact on Auto Insurance

The response to and investigation of auto accidents has long been handled by police and fire departments, supported by local taxes. Such response services have never been covered or charged for in auto insurance policies. While auto insurance policies typically cover medical expenses, including ambulance transportation, expenses related to accident response are not covered.

The medical payments portion of standard personal auto policies states only(5): We will pay reasonable expenses incurred for necessary medical and funeral services because of “bodily injury”: Caused by accident; and Sustained by an “insured”We will pay only those expenses incurred for services rendered within 3 years from the date of the accident.
No-fault auto insurance, also known as personal injury protection (PIP) coverage also has provision for the payment of benefits for medical expenses.

No-fault insurance basically covers auto accident victims on a first-party (policyholder) basis, allowing them to collect damages from their own insurers regardless of who was at fault. Today, many states have some type of no-fault auto insurance law, with restrictions on the right to sue.

A standard PIP policy would pay out for medical expenses, usually up to a stated maximum limit, and for funeral expenses up to a certain limit. While ambulance services typically are covered  under this portion of auto insurance policies, no other accident response fees are listed.

Clearly, if insurers were to start providing coverage for additional accident response services,  including police and fire, the cost of auto insurance would be likely to increase.

Another key point to consider is that municipalities do not have payment provisions for drivers  who do not carry insurance to pay for the services. As such, responsible drivers carrying auto insurance are being unfairly penalized—in effect double-taxed—by this attempt to pass on accident response costs to their insurers.

  The Influence of Collection Fee Companies

While accident response fees can appear an attractive alternative to raising local taxes for budget-constrained municipalities, third party vendors are playing a growing role by encouraging this practice. Various reports suggest that some collection companies may be engaging in questionable tactics, such as helping draft the city ordinances that authorize them, inflating charges for accident response services, employing aggressive methods to force insurers to pay the fees, or even seeking payment directly from policyholders in the event that their insurer refuses to pay the fees.

Another common misconception about collection companies is that there is no charge to cities for their services. However, it is important to recognize that while collection companies do not charge a city directly for their services, they do take a percentage of the fees collected up front. A typical fee percentage is around 10 percent of what they collect on behalf of municipalities.

The move by some municipalities to bill insurers for auto accident response fees is a growing trend that has direct implications for insurers and their policyholders. If insurers are to be expected to pay for services historically supported by local taxes, going forward they will be forced to factor this additional cost component into their auto insurance policies. In other words, auto insurance rates will need to rise in order to account for the higher costs faced by insurers.

The likely outcome of this inequitable system is a form of double-taxation whereby community  residents via higher insurance premiums are forced to pay for a service already covered through their taxes.(6)

For further information, see:

NAMIC: Accident Response Fees

(1) Ominous Trend: Growth of Municipal Accident Response Fees, National Association of Mutual

Insurance Companies (NAMIC), April 2006.
(2) Orlando Sentinel (Florida), January 11, 2005, Winter Park Studies Crash Fees; and April 12,

2005, Accidents Will Cost More.
(3) Ominous Trend: Growth of Municipal Accident Response Fees, National Association of Mutual

Insurance Companies (NAMIC), April 2006.
(4) Ohio Insurance Institute (OII),
(5) The Insurance Professionals’ Policy Kit, Alliance of American Insurers, 2004 edition.
(6) Ominous Trend: Growth of Municipal Accident Response Fees, National Association of Mutual Insurance Companies (NAMIC), April 2006.

Miami Herald Survey of Florida Communities Considering Accident Response Fees
From a July 9 report in the Miami Herald

Roughly 4,000 times a year -- or about 11 times per day -- Davie's police and fire departments respond to car crashes on interstates and state roads within the town's borders. If someone is hurt, the fire department has to send at least six firefighters with two emergency vehicles, spending at least half an hour and $500 per crash, Davie Fire Chief Don DiPetrillo said.

Recently, Davie became one of a growing number of cities that want to recover those costs by charging the drivers who get into accidents on their roads. Although Davie Town Council members voted against the idea, many other cities have adopted such fees, or are considering them as a way to bolster local budgets that are being squeezed by state-mandated spending cuts.

Despite warnings from auto insurance companies that the fees could drive up the cost of premiums, a host of cities around the state began looking more closely at them when the Florida Legislature debated tax-reform plans earlier this year, said Regina Moore, president of the Ohio-based Cost Recovery Corp., which has about a dozen clients and is one of several national companies that handles the crash-related collections.

''I would say the the phone calls that I'm receiving now have tripled,'' she said.

More than two dozen cities already have enlisted contractors to recover fire-rescue costs from insurance companies and drivers, including Belleview, Chiefland and Live Oak in north-central Florida and a cluster of cities in the Panhandle. In North Miami Beach, commissioners are looking at a plan that would charge insurance companies upward of $200 when drivers get into accidents on city roads.